Belize in Early Logging Days

Buccaneering was outlawed in 1670 and the English seamen began to cut logwood at settlements at Laguna de Terminos (near present-day Villahermosa, Mexico in the Bay of Campeche), Cape Catoche (near present-day Cancun, Mexico), the Miskito Coast of present-day Nicaragua, and the Bay of Honduras – particularly along the rivers of present-day Belize. The heartwood of the logwood tree was used to produce black, green, purple, blue, violet, gray, and red dyes needed for the European textile industry. After about 1670, the settlers along the Bay of Honduras came to be called Baymen, and the settlers along the Miskito Coast came to be called Shoremen.(M)